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Mailhat MNHN LIM148 right metatarsal II and you can fragment out-of metatarsal III (middle distal area) (this works, Fig

Mailhat MNHN LIM148 right metatarsal II and you can fragment out-of metatarsal III (middle distal area) (this works, Fig

Clinical Paleontology

from Pech Desse: step one correct mandible on the enamel row p3-m2 (USTL PDS1360), (a) labial, (b) lingual, and you will (c) occlusal views. away from Mailhat: 2 left maxillary that have roots regarding D2 and you may D3, busted D4, and you can M1-M2 (MNHN LIM150); step 3 best metatarsal II and you will partial limbs III (MNHN LIM148). The scale bar is 2 cm.

Holotype known specimens pointers

Holotype. Following Brunet Sudre , we consider as holotype on the types Lophiomeryx chalaniati new specimen BM34960, a left mandible having d3-m3 (, Fig. 17; , Fig. 16), out of Los angeles Sauvetat (MP25, France).

Called specimens. step 3.3); MNHN LIM150 juvenile left maxillary with D4–dos (M3 isn’t exploded), and tooth sockets of D3 and you may D2 (old matter in the Br.12 Cerv. Malh.; which really works, Fig. step 3.2). Pech Desse USTL PDS1360 proper corpus mandibulae that have m2–step three (, p.81, Fig. 15; this performs, Fig. step 3.1).


Higher deciduous dentition. The crowns is broken. But not, we can note that D2 is actually biradiculate and D3 and it has around three root. New D3 is quite anteroposteriorly elongated (

12x7mm) with a beneficial metaconule apparently outstanding that have a rounded foot. The latest D4 try well-molarized getting rectangular in occlusal view. This new labial cusps is lost. The fresh new protocone was enlarged having the postprotocrista posteriorly oriented and you will interacting with the fresh premetaconulecrista from the their center. New metaconule was slim and you will v-shaped during the occlusal consider that have a much premetaconulecrista. The new lingual cingulum are good and you may surrounds the complete protocone.

Higher long lasting dentition. The top molars enjoys relatively square story M2 being larger than M1. This new cusps are selenomorph. The brand new fossae keeps apartment lingual counters. This new protocone are extensively distally unlock and bigger than the fresh metaconule. The fresh preprotocrista is actually upright and you can labially built reaching the popular but busted parastyle. The latest postprotocrista is actually oblique and suits this new premetaconulecrista during the the center area, within a somewhat all the way down top. The fresh new premetaconulecrista is actually elongated, narrow, upright, and you may oblique. It stops at the level of the fresh mesostyle, discover alongside on the labial wall structure. The newest postmetaconulecrista are a bit concave and touches the newest postmetacrista. The newest metaconule is V-designed when you look at the occlusal consider. New paracone and also the metacone was aimed labially. The fresh weak paracone labial rib was stronger than that new labially concave metacone, while both features apparently small and upright cristae. The new mesostyle and the parastyle, even in the event broken, is actually strong, outstanding and you can regarding-centered about axis of your own labial area of the paracone plus the metacone. A metastyle is actually absent. The anterior cingulum is really good surrounding the brand new protocone. You will find a weaker rear cingulum, hence finishes at the conclusion of the metaconule.

Metatarsals. The fresh new metatarsal II and you can III is actually partly broken. Because of preparation, neither the fresh anterior have a look at are going to be examined on the MtII neither new plantar view of the fresh MtIII. They are both upright and maintain a comparable dimensions all the over the diaphysis. Both bones is fully split in accordance with an identical density out-of the fresh new diaphysis. The higher managed (MtII) contains the plantar part damaged. Brand new proximal articulation was triangular fit, having a little depression towards the plantar examine. An excellent distal rugosity are well-marked. Brand new proximal half this new MtIII was missing and also the distal keel is actually worn.


MNHN LIM150 and contains a connection off primitive functions seemingly unique certainly brand new Western european ruminants, that will without difficulty exclude they from multiple attributions. Several ruminants of several families the along side Oligocene have an effective lingual cingulum to the top molars: Lophiomeryx, Iberomeryx, Gelocus, Mosaicomeryx, Babameryx , , –, , –. The newest selenodont teeth (of this an expanded dimensions) are never present in Iberomeryx and you will Gelocus , , . Mosaicomeryx and Babameryx are base Pecora, and therefore possess a long and labially oriented postprotocrista , . Moreover, new looks inside the MNHN LIM150 have become enlarged, which is not possible off Mosaicomeryx and you can Babameryx. One’s teeth dysfunction off MNHN LIM150 corresponds to that from Lophiomeryx , , . Furthermore, in every ruminants about Eu Oligocene, the fresh new metatarsals II and you may III is actually fused but in the Lophiomeryx , , , . This new distinction out-of Western european Lophiomeryx types is generally according to proportions variations , in the event Antoine ainsi que al. signifies that Lophiomeryx mouchelini get has actually specimens as big as Lophiomeryx chalaniati representatives into the later Suevian. MNHN LIM150 white teeth are demonstrably on inhabitants variability regarding Lophiomeryx chalaniati observed by the Filhol , Brunet Sudre , and Mennecart , and you will larger than Lophiomeryx mouchelini populations , . L. chalaniati is the just known Western european Lophiomeryx from inside the whole Arvenian (generally Late Oligocene).

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